Aksum was at the time ruled by Zoskales, who also governed the port of Adulis.
The Aksumite rulers facilitated trade by minting their own Aksumite currency.
The Italians created the colony of Eritrea in the 19th century around Asmara, and named it with its current name.
After World War II Eritrea was annexed to Ethiopia.
The realm developed irrigation schemes, used plows, grew millet, and made iron tools and weapons.
After the fall of Dʿmt in the 5th century BC, the plateau came to be dominated by smaller successor kingdoms until the rise of one of these polities during the first century, the Kingdom of Aksum, which was able to reunite the area.
In 1991 the Eritrean People's Liberation Front defeated the Ethiopian government.
Eritrea officially celebrated its 1st anniversary of independence on May 24, 1992.
This Ona urban culture is believed to have been among the earliest pastoral and agricultural communities in the Horn region.Kobishchanov Munro-Hay cites the Muslim historian Abu Ja'far al-Khwarazmi/Kharazmi (who wrote before 833) as stating that the capital of "the kingdom of Habash" was Jarma (hypothetically from Ge'ez girma, "remarkable, revered").The kingdom is mentioned in the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea as an important market place for ivory, which was exported throughout the ancient world.According to Peter Behrens (1981) and Marianne Bechaus-Gerst (2000), linguistic evidence indicates that the C-Group and Kerma peoples spoke Afro-Asiatic languages of the Berber and Cushitic branches, respectively.D'mt was a kingdom that encompassed most of Eritrea and the northern fringes of Ethiopia, it existed during the 8th and 7th centuries BC.